PTOLEMY°

PTOLEMY° (Son of Mennaeus), king of Chalcis, in the region of the Lebanon (c. 85–40 B.C.E.). josephus relates that the inhabitants of Damascus despised Ptolemy, and preferred as king of Coele-Syria the Nabatean king, Aretas. Ptolemy's position in the area, however, was firmly established, and the Judean queen alexandra 's armed attempt to weaken that influence brought no results. During Pompey's campaign in Syria, the territory under Ptolemy was devastated, but Ptolemy held fast to his principality though he was compelled to pay a ransom of 1,000 talents to the Roman conqueror. Following the Roman conquest of Judea, Ptolemy assumed guardianship over antigonus , the son of the Hasmonean prince, Aristobulus, and his sisters. They were brought to Ptolemy at Ashkelon by his son, Philippion, who eventually married one of the princesses, Alexandra. Philippion, however, was subsequently slain by his father on account of Alexandra, after which Ptolemy married the princess himself. Meanwhile, with the gradual subjugation of Judea under Herod, Antigonus gathered an army and with Ptolemy's assistance returned to his country, only to be defeated by Herod and again driven out of Judea. Ptolemy was succeeded as king of Chalcis by his son, Lysanias, who continued to support Antigonus. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 3 (19502), 169f., 257f.; Schuerer, Hist, 112; A. Schalit, Koenig Herodes (1969), 819f. (index), S.V. Ptolemaios, Sohn des Mennaios. (Isaiah Gafni) PTOLEMY THE BIOGRAPHER° PTOLEMY THE BIOGRAPHER°, brother of nicholas of damascus . Like his brother, Ptolemy was a highly esteemed member of the literary circle which surrounded Herod I. After Herod's death, he sided with Antipas (Jos., Ant. 17:225; Wars 2:21). A fragment of a work about Herod stating that the Idumaeans were Phoenician and Syrian in origin and were forcibly converted to Judaism (cf. Jos., Ant. 18:257–8) has been ascribed to him by Reinach (Textes, 88–89) but it may possibly belong to another Ptolemy.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PTOLEMY — PTOLEMY, the common name of monarchs of the Macedonian (or Thirty First) Dynasty who ruled in Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C.E. It is unclear precisely how many such sovereigns there actually were; some scholars give a total of 14 and some 16. Most… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ptolemy — Ptolemy1 [täl′ə mē] n. 1. name of a Macedonian dynasty of Egypt founded by Ptolemy I and ruling from 323 to 30 B.C. 2. pl. Ptolemies a member of this dynasty Ptolemy2 [täl′ə mē] 1. (L. name Claudius Ptolomaeus) 2d cent. A.D.; Alexandrian… …   English World dictionary

  • PTOLEMY — (c. 135 B.C.E.), son of Ḥabub (Abubus) and son in law of simeon b. mattathias (the Hasmonean). Ptolemy was strategos (i.e., military and local commander) at Jericho. Plotting to overthrow the Hasmonean House in 135 B.C.E., he invited Simeon and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ptolemy — from Gk. Ptolemaios, lit. warlike, from ptolemos, collateral form of polemos war …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Ptolemy — /tol euh mee/, n., pl. Ptolemies for 2. 1. (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. A.D. 127 151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria. 2. any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323 30 B.C. * * * I Latin… …   Universalium

  • PTOLEMY —    1) the name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt, of which there were 14 in succession, of whom Ptolemy I., SOTER, was a favourite general of Alexander the Great, and who ruled Egypt from 328 to 285 B.C.; Ptolemy II., PHILADELPHUS, who ruled from… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ptolemy — (c. 2nd century ad) Egyptian astronomer Virtually nothing is known about the life of Ptolemy (full name Claudius Ptolemaeus). He was probably a Hellenized Egyptian working in the library at Alexandria. He produced four major works the Almagest,… …   Scientists

  • Ptolemy — (d. 58 BC)    King of Cyprus. Illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an unknown mistress. When his brother became Ptolemy XII of Egypt in 80 BC, he was given Cyprus to rule. His kingdom was unilaterally annexed by Rome in 58 BC. He was offered the… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Ptolemy — I Ptol•e•my [[t]ˈtɒl ə mi[/t]] n. pl. mies 1) big (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. a.d. 127–151, Alexandrian mathematician, astronomer, and geographer 2) big anh any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty in Egypt 323–30 b.c. II Ptol•e•my [[t]ˈtɒl ə… …   From formal English to slang

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